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Fluid Mechanics


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Code : 130602 Common Name : FM Year : 2 Sem : 3
Theory Hours : 3 Practical Hours : 2 Tutorial Hours : 0 Credits : 5
Exam Marks : 70 Midsem Marks : 30 Practical Marks : 50 Total : 150

Syllabus Topics

Definition- Types and properties, Fluids as a continuum, Control volume concept.

Pressure and its measurement, fluid pressure at a point, Pascal’s law, pressure and its relation with height, tmospheric, absolute, gauge and negative pressure, measurement of pressure through piezo-meter and various types of anometer. Total pressure, intensity of pressure, centre of pressure. Pressure on horizontal, vertical, inclined and curved surface. Buoyancy, centre at Buoyancy, Meta centre and Meta centre height. Condition of equilibrium of floating and ubmerged body. Experimental and analytical method to determine Meta-centric height. Pressure in case of accelerated rigid body motion.

Fluid Kinematics
Methods of describing fluid motion,-Types of motion, Inviscid flows, Velocity and acceleration-Continuity equation-Potential flows-Velocity potential and Stream function, Flownet- Circulation and Vorticity- Source, Sink and Doublet

Fluid Dynamics
Types of forces, Forces influencing fluid motion-energy and Head-energy correction factor, Euler and Bernoulli’s quations, Application of Bernoulli’s equation. Flow measurement, Linear momentum equation, momentum correction factor, Application of momentum equation.

Flow Through Pipes
Introduction, Loss of energy in pipe, major and minor losses of energy in pipes, hydraulic gradient, total energy line, pipes in series, pipes in parallel, flow through branched pipes, and hydraulic transmission of power.

Measurement of Flow
(a) Orifice & Mouth piece Classification, hydraulic coefficients, experimental determination of hydraulic coefficient. Discharge through all types of office & mouthpiece, time of emptying the tank through orifice and mouthpiece. (b) Notches and Weirs Classification, discharge through various types of Notches and Weirs. Time of emptying a Reservoir or a Tank with notches & weirs.

Compressible Fluid Flow
Perfect gas equation, Continuity, Energy and Momentum equation, Speed of sound wave, Mach number, Propagation of sound wave, Stagnation properties, Shock waves.


Fluid Mechanics

V.L Streeter,. and E.B Wylie - McGraw Hill, 1985, New York

Theory and Applications of Fluid Mechanics

K Subramanya , - Tata- McGraw Hill Publishing Co, 1993, New Delhi

Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

E.J Shaughnessy,., I.M Katz,. and J.P Schaffer,. - Oxford University Press, New Delhi - SI edition, 2005,

Fluid Mechanics

F.M., White, - McGraw Hill, New York - 5th Edition,

Fluid mechanics


Fluid mechanics & Hydraulic Machines

Dr.P.N.Modi & Sheth

Hydraulic Fluid mechanics & Fluid Machines


Engineering Fluid Mechanic

R.J.Garde & A.C.Mirajgaoker

Fluid mechanics


Exam Papers

3Dec - 2009

Dec - 2010

Mar - 2010

Dec - 2011

May - 2011

Dec - 2012

May - 2012

Nov - 2013

May - 2013

May - 2014

May - 2014

GTU Result

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