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Basic Electronics

Electronics and Communication

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Code : 131101 Common Name : BE Year : 2 Sem : 3
Theory Hours : 4 Practical Hours : 2 Tutorial Hours : 0 Credits : 6
Exam Marks : 70 Midsem Marks : 30 Practical Marks : 50 Total : 150


Syllabus Topics


Energy Bands in Solids
Charged Particles, Field Intensity, Potential Energy, The eV Unit of Energy, The Nature of the Atom, Atomic Energy Levels, Electronic Structure of The Elements, The Energy Band Theory of Crystals, Insulators, Semiconductors and Metals



Energy Bands in Solids:
Charged Particles, Field Intensity, Potential Energy, The eV Unit of Energy, The Nature of the Atom, Atomic Energy Levels, Electronic Structure of The Elements, The Energy Band Theory of Crystals, Insulators, Semiconductors and Metals



Transport Phenomena in Semiconductors:
Mobility and Conductivity, Electrons and Holes in an Intrinsic Semiconductor, Donor and Acceptor Impurities, Charge Densities in a Semiconductor, Electrical Properties of Ge and Si, The Hall Effect, Conductivity Modulation, Generation and Recombination of Charges, Diffusion, The Continuity Equation, Injected Minority –Carrier Charge, The Potential Variation within a Graded Semiconductor



Transport Phenomena in Semiconductors
Mobility and Conductivity, Electrons and Holes in an Intrinsic Semiconductor, Donor and Acceptor Impurities, Charge Densities in a Semiconductor, Electrical Properties of Ge and Si, The Hall Effect, Conductivity Modulation, Generation and Recombination of Charges, Diffusion, The Continuity Equation, Injected Minority –Carrier Charge, The Potential Variation within a Graded Semiconductor



Junction –Diode Characteristics
Open –Circuited p-n Junction, p-n Junction as a Rectifier, Current Components in a p-n Diode, Volt-Ampere Characteristic, Temperature Dependence of the V/I Characteristic, Diode Resistance, Space Charge , Transition Capacitance, Charge-Control Description of a Diode , Diffusion Capacitance , Junction Diode Switching Times, Breakdown Diodes, Tunnel Diode, Semiconductor Photodiode, Photovoltaic Effect, Light –Emitting Diodes



Junction –Diode Characteristics:
Open –Circuited p-n Junction, p-n Junction as a Rectifier, Current Components in a p-n Diode, Volt-Ampere Characteristic, Temperature Dependence of the V/I Characteristic, Diode Resistance, Space Charge , Transition Capacitance, Charge-Control Description of a Diode , Diffusion Capacitance , Junction Diode Switching Times, Breakdown Diodes, Tunnel Diode, Semiconductor Photodiode, Photovoltaic Effect, Light –Emitting Diodes



Diode Circuits:
Diode as a Circuit Element, Load-Line Concept, Piecewise Linear Diode Model, Clipping Circuits, Clipping at Two Independent Levels, Comparators, Sampling Gate, Rectifiers, Other Full-Wave Circuits, Capacitor Filters, Additional Diode Circuits



Diode Circuits
Diode as a Circuit Element, Load-Line Concept, Piecewise Linear Diode Model, Clipping Circuits, Clipping at Two Independent Levels, Comparators, Sampling Gate, Rectifiers, Other Full-Wave Circuits, Capacitor Filters, Additional Diode Circuits



Transistor Characteristics
Junction Transistor, Transistor Current Components, Transistor as an Amplifier, Transistor Construction, CB Configuration, CE Configuration, CE Cutoff region, CE Saturation Region, Typical Transistor, CE Current Gain, CC Configuration, Analytical Expressions for Transistor Characteristics Maximum Voltage Rating, Phototransistor



Transistor Characteristics:
Junction Transistor, Transistor Current Components, Transistor as an Amplifier, Transistor Construction, CB Configuration, CE Configuration, CE Cutoff region, CE Saturation Region, Typical Transistor, CE Current Gain, CC Configuration, Analytical Expressions for Transistor Characteristics Maximum Voltage Rating, Phototransistor



Transistor at Low Frequencies:
Graphical Analysis of the CE configuration, Two-Port Devices and the Hybrid Model, Transistor Hybrid Model, h-Parameters, Conversion Formulas for the Parameters of Three Transistor Configurations, Analysis of a Transistor Amplifier Circuit Using h Parameters, Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorems and Corollaries, Emitter Follower, Comparison of Transistor Amplifier Configurations, Linear Analysis of a Transistor Circuit, Miller’s Theorem and its Dual, Cascading Transistor Amplifiers, Simplified CE Hybrid Model, Simplified Calculations for the CC Configuration, CE Amplifier with an Emitter Resistance, High Input Resistance Transistor Circuits



Transistor at Low Frequencies
Graphical Analysis of the CE configuration, Two-Port Devices and the Hybrid Model, Transistor Hybrid Model, h- arameters, Conversion Formulas for the Parameters of Three Transistor Configurations, Analysis of a Transistor mplifier Circuit Using h Parameters, Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorems and Corollaries, Emitter Follower, Comparison of ansistor Amplifier Configurations, Linear Analysis of a Transistor Circuit, Miller’s Theorem and its Dual, Cascading ransistor Amplifiers, Simplified CE Hybrid Model, Simplified Calculations for the CC Configuration, CE Amplifier with an Emitter Resistance, High Input Resistance Transistor Circuits



Transistor Biasing and Thermal Stabilization
Operating Point, Bias Stability, Self-Bias , Stabilization against Variations in ICO, VBE and , General Remarks on Collector-Current Stability, Bias Compensation, Thermistor and Sensistor Compensation, Thermal Runaway, Thermal Stability



Transistor Biasing and Thermal Stabilization:
Operating Point, Bias Stability, Self-Bias , Stabilization against Variations in ICO, VBE and , General Remarks on Collector-Current Stability, Bias Compensation, Thermistor and Sensistor Compensation, Thermal Runaway, Thermal Stability



Field Effect Transistors:
Junction FET, Pinch-Off Voltage, JFET Volt-Ampere Characteristics, FET Small-Signal Model, MOSFET, Digital MOSFET Circuits, Low Frequency CS and CD Amplifiers, Biasing the FET, The FET as a Voltage Variable Resistor, CS Amplifier at High Frequencies, CD Amplifier at High Frequencies



Field Effect Transistors
Junction FET, Pinch-Off Voltage, JFET Volt-Ampere Characteristics, FET Small-Signal Model, MOSFET, Digital MOSFET Circuits, Low Frequency CS and CD Amplifiers, Biasing the FET, The FET as a Voltage Variable Resistor, CS Amplifier at High Frequencies, CD Amplifier at High Frequencies



Power Circuits and Systems
Class A large Signal Amplifiers, Second Harmonic Distortion, Higher –Order Harmonic Generation, Transformer Coupled Audio Power Amplifier, Efficiency, Push-Pull Amplifiers, Class B Amplifiers, Class AB Operation, Regulated Power Supplies, Series Voltage Regulator



Power Circuits and Systems:
Class A large Signal Amplifiers, Second Harmonic Distortion, Higher –Order Harmonic Generation, Transformer Coupled Audio Power Amplifier ,Efficiency, Push-Pull Amplifiers, Class B Amplifiers, Class AB Operation, Regulated Power Supplies, Series Voltage Regulator




Books

Integrated Electronics

Jacob Millman and Christos C. Halkias, - Tata McGraw Hill Publication

Electronics Devices

Floyd , - Pearson Publication - [Seventh edition]

Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory

Robert Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky - [Ninth Edition]

Exam Papers

Sem200920102011201220132014
3Dec - 2009
17-12-2009


Dec - 2010
13-12-2010


Mar - 2010
09-03-2010


Dec - 2011
20-12-2011


May - 2011
30-05-2011


Dec - 2012
07-01-2013


May - 2012
11-05-2012


Nov - 2013
03-12-2013


May - 2013
31-05-2013


May - 2014
30-05-2014


May - 2014
30-05-2014



GTU Result

ExamTotalPassPass %FailFail %AA
21,36214,22766.607,13533.4028
25,18918,70474.256,48525.7587
25,36416,60465.468,76034.54104
23,94916,08367.167,86632.84149


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