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Advanced Power System-I (Department Elective - I)

Electrical

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Code : 170905 Common Name : APS-1 Year : 4 Sem : 7
Theory Hours : 4 Practical Hours : 2 Tutorial Hours : 0 Credits : 6
Exam Marks : 70 Midsem Marks : 30 Practical Marks : 50 Total : 150


Syllabus Topics


Introduction:
1.1 Background
1.2 Electrical Transmission Networks
1.3 Conventional Control Mechanisms
1.3.1 Automatic Generation Control (AGC)
1.3.2 Excitation Control
1.3.3 Transformer Tap-Changer Control
1.3.4 Phase Shifting Transformers
1.4 Flexible ac Transmission Systems (FACTS)
1.4.1 Advances in power Electronics Switching Devices
1.4.2 Principles and Applications of Semiconductor Switches
1.5 Emerging Transmission Networks



Reactive Power Control in Electrical Power Transmission Systems
2.1 Reactive Power
2.2 Uncompensated Transmission Lines
2.2.1 A simple Case
2.2.2 Lossless Distributed Parameter Lines
2.3 Passive Compensation
2.3.1 Shunt Compensation
2.3.2 Series Compensation
2.3.3 Effect on power-Transfer Capacity
2.3.3.1 Series Compensation
2.3.3.2 Shunt Compensation



Principles of Conventional Reactive Power Compensators
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Synchronous Condensors
3.2.1 Configuration
3.2.2 Applications
3.3 The saturated Reactor
3.4 Thyristor Controlled Reactor(TCR)
3.4.1 The single phase TCR
3.4.2 The three phase TCR
3.4.4 The segmented TCR
3.4.5 The 12-Pulse TCR
3.4.6 Operating Characteristics of a TCR
3.4.6.1 Operating Characteristics Without Voltage Control
3.4.6.2 Operating Characteristics With Voltage Control
3.5 The Fixed Capacitor Thyristor Controlled Reactor (FC-TCR)
3.5.1 Configuration
3.5.2 Operating Characteristic
3.6 The Mechanically Switched Capacitor-Thyristor-Controlled Reactor(MSCTCR)
3.7 The Thyristor-Switched Capacitor (TSC)
3.7.1 Switching a Capacitor to a Voltage Source
3.7.2 Switching a Series Connection of a Capacitor and Reactor
3.7.3 Turning Off of the TSC Valve
3.7.4 The TSC Configuration
3.7.5 Operating Characteristic
3.8 The Thyristor-Switched Capacitor-Thyristor-Controlled Reactor(TSC-TCR)
3.8.1 Configuration
3.8.2 Operating Charateristics
3.8.3 Current Characteristic
3.8.4 Susceptance Characteristics
3.8.5 Mismatched TSC-TCR
3.9 Comparison of different SVCs



HVDC Transmission-Development
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Historical Development
4.3 Equipment required for HVDC System
4.4 Comparison of AC and DC transmission
4.5 Limitation of HVDC Transmission Lines
4.6 Reliability of HVDC Systems
4.7 Standard Rated Voltages of HVDC and EHV AC systems
4.8 Choice of EHV AC and UHV AC lines and substation
4.9 Comparison of HVDC link with EHV AC link
4.10 HVDC-VSC Transmission System



HVDC Convertors
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT)
5.3 HVDC Convertor Valve and Valve Assembly
5.4 HVDC –VSC Operation and Principles
5.5 Three Phase Six Pulse Converter using SCRs
5.6 Twelve Pulse Bridge Converters



Six Pulse Converter Operation and Analysis
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Conduction Sequence in Six Pulse Converter
6.3 Ideal Commutation Process without Gate control
6.4 DC output Voltage
6.5 Gate control of valve
6.6 Analysis of Voltage Waveform with overlap angle
6.7 Voltage dropped in PU Quantities
6.8 Complete Characteristics Of converter as Rectifier /Inverter
6.9 Analysis of Twelve Pulse Converter
6.10 Power flow in HVDC Link
6.11 Operation and Analysis Of VSC converters



Control of HVDC converter and system
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Mechanism of AC power Transmission
7.3 Principles of Control
7.4 Necessity of Control in case of DC link
7.5 Rectifier Control
7.6 Compounding Of Rectifier
7.7 Power Reversal in DC link
7.8 Voltage Dependent Current Order Limit- Characteristics of Converter
7.9 System Control Hierarchy and Basic Philosophy
7.10 Inverter Extinction Angle Control (EAG)



Harmonics in HVDC Systems
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Importance of Harmonic Study
8.3 Generation of Harmonics by Converters
8.4 Characteristics Harmonics on the DC Side
8.5 Characteristics Current Harmonics




Books

Thyristor-Based FACTS Controllers for Electrical Transmission Systems-

R.M.Mathur/ R.K.Verma, - John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,

Power System Stability and Control

Prabha Kundur, - Mc Graw Hill,

Understanding FACTS: Concepts and Technology of Flexible AC transmission Systems,

N. Hingorani, L. Gyugyi, - Delhi Publishers,

HVDC Transmission:

S Kamakshaiah, V Kamaraju , - McGrawHill,

Exam Papers

Sem2011201220132014
7Oct - 2011
29-11-2011


Dec - 2012
28-12-2012


Jun - 2012
29-05-2012


Nov - 2013
03-12-2013


May - 2014
31-05-2014



GTU Result

ExamTotalPassPass %FailFail %AA
89888698.66121.3414
2,0362,00098.23361.778
3,2183,14097.58782.4277